The Scoop on Diets

So you’re looking to lose weight.  Who isn’t nowadays, with the taunting images of perfectly airbrushed supermodels on every television screen and magazine cover?  It’s a wonder Americans spend an estimated $42 billion dollars each year on weight loss foods and products, most of which don’t even hold true to their advertised promise of weight loss or health benefits. The over abundance of diet “fads” often leaves us stress eating while deciding which diet to start! So, how do you choose? Should you carbo-load or cut the carbs completely? Should you go on an all water cleanse or the cookie diet?  Maybe it’s all too confusing so you consider skipping meals to melt away the pounds?  (which is highly unrecommended). In this post we will discuss a few of the most popular dieting trends, their overall focus, course of action, and how they rank on the scale of effectiveness.

So how do we, average Americans, find a “healthy” plan or product we can trust?  Sources such as The American Dietetic Association’s (ADA) website at http://www.eatright.org, can help us distinguish between legitimate products and those made popular by hype rather than effectiveness.  The ADA website gives five product claims or features in which a consumer should look out for in order to avoid weight loss scams that dominate the market.

The American Dietetic Association says to avoid products that claim:

1. Rapid Weight Loss: “Slow and steady weight loss is more likely to last than dramatic weight changes. Healthy plans aim for a loss of no more than ½ to 1 pound per week.”

2. Quantities and Limitations: “Avoid any diet that eliminates or severely restricts entire food groups, such as carbohydrates.  Even if you take a multivitamin, you’ll still miss some critical nutrients.”

3. Specific Food Combinations: “There is no evidence that combining certain foods or eating foods at specific times of day will help with weight loss.”

4. Rigid Menus: “Limiting food choices or following rigid meal plans can be an overwhelming, distasteful task.”

5. No need to Exercise: “Regular physical activity is essential for good health and healthy weight management.”

That being said, let’s take a look at a few of the popular diet trends in today’s market and see how these rules apply.  The weight loss programs and media that have in the past and still are getting all the attention include, but are not limited to: “TheAtkins Diet,”The South Beach Diet,” “Weight Watchers,” “The Mediterranean Diet.”  Let’s break these down shall we?

THE ATKINS DIET:

Created by cardiologist Dr. Robert Atkins, this diet primarily focuses on the much-practiced idea of decreasing one’s carbohydrate intake.  (Low Carb Diet).  Now comes into play the misconception that all carbs are bad, which is a myth we will bust in upcoming postings.  The Atkins Diet focuses on eliminating bad carbs like sugars, high fructose corn syrup and flour, while eating the good complex carbs like whole grains. Unlike refined carbohydrates, good carbs are broken down and converted into glucose more slowly providing a steady stream of energy throughout the day.

So would the American Dietetic Association, according to its guidelines that expose bogus products, give the stamp of approval to this diet? Well, The Atkins Diet consists of four phases outlined on its website http://www.atkins.com/Index.aspx.  Below is avery brief summary taken from the sites outline:

Phase 1: Induction: This phase is meant, “to switch your body from burning primarily carbohydrates (in the form of glucose) to burning primarily fat (including your body fat) for energy.” This is done by limiting your carbohydrate intake to 20 grams each day, making sure those 20 grams are complex carbs coming from foods rich in nutrients such as vegetables.

Phase 2: Ongoing Weight Loss (OWL): In this phase the dieter will up their carb intake, keeping track of how many carbs they can consume while still losing  weight. Simply stated, it’s the introduction back into the diet of acceptable OWL foods that are nutrient-dense and fiber rich.

Phase 3: Pre-Maintenance: The dieter will slowly add 10 more net carbs each week back into their diet.  This way they are able to find a personal consumable carbohydrate threshold that allows the maintenance of their new weight.

Phase 4: Lifetime Maintenance: “This is where the dieter will commit to remaining at their goal weight from now on.” This is the phase where you must maintain your healthy eating habits and physical activity to keep the weight off.

So how do we relate these four phases with the ADA’s five rules?  From the research I’ve conducted, I would say they successfully avoid the use of scam terms.  As far as the ADA’s rule number one, which recommends the avoidance of rapid weight loss promises, The Atkins Diet promotes gradual weight loss.  So far, so good.  Now on to rule 2. While the diet does give you a limited selection of foods, it does so in the proper sense, limiting not specific items but a broad category of unhealthy refined carbohydrates that leave you feeling tired and experiencing hunger pangs more quickly in between meals.  This is a healthy diet recommended to everyone, not just those on The Atkins Diet. Another check in the positive box. The beginning stages may have warning signs due to the semi rigid menu, but further analysis shows that menu lightens up a bit in regulation as you gain control of your diet and advance on to further phases.

Here’s the kicker. Regular Exercise. (groans and moans). Recall in phase four the words “maintain your healthy eating habits and physical activity.” I specifically included these words, which are read in The Atkins Diet plan, to acknowledge rule five from the ADA website.

Overall, the diet doesn’t promise any magic weight loss and disappearing pounds.  Instead, success is accomplished by changing a small portion of your diet to healthier alternatives and upping your physical activity.  I can’t speak for the American Dietetic Association but I would say this diet satisfies their rules.

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THE SOUTH BEACH DIET:

Another Cardiologist designed carbohydrate aware diet created by Dr. Arthur Agatston M.D., The South Beach Diet, focuses not on limiting your carbohydrate intake numbers, but the types of carbohydrates you consume. As mentioned above, the good carbs are whole grains and fruits and vegetables, which are allowed in The South Beach Diet, actually insisted upon.  Where The South Beach Diet differs fromThe Atkins Diet is in the fact that South Beach pushes not only for the substitution of good instead of bad carbs, but also good fats and lean proteins in exchange for the bad ones. Following the typical diet plan formula; The South Beach Diet has several phases beginning with the elimination of several foods, followed by the slow reintroduction of healthy alternatives to such foods.

The three phases of this diet and their descriptions were found on The South Beach Diet’s website at: http://www.southbeachdiet.com/sbd/publicsite/index.aspx, and are briefly outlined below:

Phase 1: Eliminate Cravings and Kick Start Weight Loss: This two week, relatively straightforward phase title, is pretty self-explanatory.  It is designed to eliminate cravings of sugars and refined starches and kick start weight loss. “The purpose of phase 1 is to stabilize blood sugar (which minimized cravings)…”

Phase 2: Lose Steadily: This phase title appeals greatly to rule 1 of the ADA’s diet plan guidelines.  This is the stage where you slowly introduce GOOD carbs back into the diet and can enjoy certain snacks and desserts.

Phase 3: Maintain for Life: Here is where the dieter has now adopted a healthy eating lifestyle that they will continue with throughout the rest of their lives continuing to maintain that healthy goal weight.

The South Beach Diet, like The Atkins Diet, steers clear of the marketing traps the American Dietetic Association’s warns us about. Both diets promise gradual, not rapid weight loss, and don’t continuously limit your menu options, but allow you to reintroduce your favorite (healthy) foods, even offering a “supercharged fitness program” on their site! A+ for a well thought out eating plan Dr. Agatston.

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WEIGHT WATCHERS:

Founded by Brooklyn homemaker Jean Nidetch, Weight Watchers goes above and beyond a typical diet by offering an eating plan as well as a support group setting.  In these support meetings, dieters have their weight loss programs monitored and learn about nutrition as well as exercise.  The program goes less by phases and more by a point system, which allows dieters to monitor their daily intake so they can hold themselves accountable for what they eat. The point system is a bit much to get into in this brief overview but it is based off of portions of food.  For example, good healthy low fat foods are worth less points than fattier foods.  Each weight class has a point system they must follow each day to stay on track.  The websites simple calculation is:

(Calories + (Fat x 4) – (Fiber x 10) / 50.

Ok less simple for the mathematically challenged like myself, but still not rocket science and relatively easy enough to follow.

So how does this particular diet rank on our ADA rule system? I would say better than most.  This diet doesn’t promise magical weight loss or limit certain foods.  In fact, it allows you to eat whatever you so choose, as long as the total intake doesn’t go above and beyond your allotted points.  However, eating all your points in cake and cookies isn’t recommended and might just get you kicked out of the program.

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THE MEDITERRANEAN DIET:

Named after the Southern European nutritional approach of the people of Crete, Greece, Southern Italy, and Spain, The Mediterranean Diet may be the least restricting diet out there, at least in my opinion.  It is a heart healthy eating plan that includes fruits, vegetables, fish, and whole grains, while limiting those unhealthy fats.  The Mayo Clinic’s site can describe the foods of the diet better than I could.  In fact, they did with this picture.

As listed on the Mayo Clinic’s site, there are seven main key components to the Mediterranean diet:

1.     Get plenty of exercise (A great component if you ask the ADA).

2.     Eat primarily plant-based foods, such as fruits, vegetables, whole grains,                       legumes and nuts.

3.     Replace butter with healthy fats such as olive oil and canola oil.

4.     Use herbs and spices instead of salt to flavor food.

5.     Limit red meat to no more than a few times a month.

6.     Eat fish and poultry at least twice a week

7.     Drink red wine in moderation (optional).

These seven “rules” are the most loosely formulated diet rules you may witness in a weight loss eating plan.  It works on the basis of overall health, limiting all bad foods, not just one type such as refined carbohydrates or fats.  The diet gets a big fat okay from the ADA if going by their list of claims to avoid.  The diet doesn’t promise melting weight away or limit you in many ways at all to a strict boring eating regimen, and still encourages regular physical activity.

The Mediterranean Diet ranks as my favorite eating plan because it hits all the points of the basics for healthy weight loss touched upon by the American Dietetic Association.  What are the basics you ask? Simple.

1. Make smart choices by choosing fruits, vegetables, whole grains, low fat dairy                products, and lean proteins.

2. Get the most nutrition from your calories by eating healthy nutrient and mineral rich foods instead of refined sugars and junk food.

3. Balance food and physical activity for the most effective weight loss.

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The point of this blog isn’t to tell the reader what diets are best for them, but to give basic stepping stones and information on a few popular diet plans to steer them in the right direction for choosing the most suitable plan for their lifestyle and dietary needs.

Next week’s blog we’ll cover, “The 02 Diet,” “The 17 Day Diet,” and the all inclusive “Vegan Diet.”

Sources:

http://www.atkins.com/Homepage.aspx

http://www.southbeachdiet.com/sbd/publicsite/index.aspx

http://www.mayoclinic.com/health/mediterranean-diet/CL00011

http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/149090.php

http://www.eatright.org/Public/content.aspx?id=6847

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About Dish Out The Skinny

I am currently a certified personal trainer on the challenging and rewarding path to becoming a registered dietician. Life is hard enough...staying healthy doesn't have to be! With the ever changing "rules" to staying healthy, my goal is to create a simple blog so that the average person, like myself, can understand the ins and outs of the world that is fitness and nutrition.
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3 Responses to The Scoop on Diets

  1. Pingback: Spice Up Your Life | dishouttheskinny

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